At Bradford Oasis we can provide a full medically managed detox regime for those with an addiction to Codeine and other opiate based painkillers. Withdrawal from Codeine and other narcotic/opiate based painkillers can be very dangerous and uncomfortable. We uniquely provide 24/7 nursing care to ensure each and every patient is safe and comfortable at all times of the day and night. Addiction comes in many forms and it’s not just illegal drugs and alcohol that individuals can become dependent on. Prescription drugs are often dispensed for an original and genuine pain related complaint, but due to their extremely addictive properties, some become dependent without even realising it. Others, purposely seeking a high or a way to suppress uncomfortable feelings, may abuse over-the-counter medicines or manipulate their GP for a prescription of narcotic painkillers; actually believing they have a genuine need for the medication. Addiction to a prescription drugs or over-the-counter medicines can be just as life-threatening as any other addiction, and carry the same devastating consequences to the individual and their family and loved ones.
Codeine is a commonly purchased over the counter and prescribed opiate/narcotic analgesic (painkiller). Derived from morphine, it is stronger than paracetamol or ibuprofen. Used medically and sold over the counter to relieve symptoms of mild to moderate pain, it comes in varying strengths and also acts as a cough suppressant. A doctor or medical physician can prescribe stronger variations of the drug for cases of acute and chronic pain management.
Those who use codeine in any form can develop a physical dependency to the drug in as few as 3 days of daily use.
Most over the counter codeine-based medicines now carry an addiction warning on the box, label or inside the leaflet, as will the prescribed varieties. It is also sold and prescribed combined with other painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen for a more powerful analgesic effect. As well as providing fast and effective pain relief, it also provides the user with a feeling of well-being. The effects depend on the individual and how they react to it. Some will feel stimulated with increased concentration and stamina; whilst others feel drowsy/sleepy and unmotivated. Codeine should only be used for short-term pain relief of non-chronic physical conditions, unless managed carefully by a medical professional.
Addiction to Codeine and other opiate based drugs is very common, as the body builds a tolerance to the drug very quickly. This means that larger and larger amounts are required to achieve the same pain relieving effects as the body acclimatizes very quickly to each new dosage. This process is also known as dependency. Abrupt discontinuation from codeine can cause some very unpleasant withdrawal symptoms; propelling the user to keep taking the drug. Recent statistics show that as many as 900,000 people across the UK could be misusing Codeine in one of its many forms at present.
Codeine can be purchased or prescribed in varying forms and strengths:
Commonly abused over the counter codeine based medicines
Co Codamol –Codeine combined with paracetamol; can be purchased with up to 8 mg of codeine per tablet
Solpadeine Max and Solpadeine Plus – Codeine combined with paracetamol contains 12.8mg of codeine per tablet
Nurofen Plus –Codeine combined with Ibuprofen; contains 12.8mg of codeine per tablet
Paramol –Dihydrocodeine 7.5 mg combined with paracetamol
Feminax –8mg of codeine per tablet combined with paracetamol
Codis –8mg of codeine combined with aspirin
Codeine is also used in certain over-the-counter cough medicines as it also acts as a cough suppressant
Commonly abused prescription only stronger forms of codeine/opiate based medicines
Prescribed Codeine comes in varying strong strengths, usually combined with another non-opioid analgesic for maximum effect. Some variations are synthetic and made to mimic the effects of Codeine and can be even more difficult to detox from because of their complex chemical make-up and hold more potential to be abused.
Codeine is a type of opioid that works on the brain’s opioid receptors causing them to mimic the body’s naturally occurring chemicals, endorphins, which are released, to deal with pain. By combining the endorphins with the opioid pain receptors in the spine and brain, the transmission of pain signals are blocked and so give the individual relief from symptoms but not from the cause of the pain. The level of pain present will dictate the amount of Codeine required to provide adequate relief from pain. Mild to moderate levels of pain can be dealt with by over the counter medicines. Moderate to severe usually require prescription strength from a medical professional. Endorphins are also the body’s “happy chemical”; Codeine, when taken in large or stronger doses, will provide the user with feelings of warmth, euphoria and elation. The feelings of euphoria and warmth are the effects the individual becomes psychologically addicted to and craves more of. Those that abuse and become addicted to Codeine based medications will find themselves using larger and larger amounts to gain the same euphoric effects or pain relief; this happens when the body has become tolerant and dependent physically to the drug.
If you or a loved one has concerns of a Codeine addiction, there are some key signs to watch out for:
Of course there is no finite list, as the addiction progresses the individual will become more entrenched in uncharacteristic and destructive behaviours. As a general rule, addiction can only be hidden for so long; most addicts will go to bigger and bigger extremes to get their next high. Their appearance will alter, they may lose weight, neglect their personal hygiene and affairs. Often they will start to withdraw from others and isolate, unmotivated and becoming more and more depressed or anxious; expressing negative emotions such as anger, fear and self-pity. If there is any marked change in an individual’s appearance and behaviour, this should not be ignored. Turning a blind eye or not challenging or admitting the problem, only allows the addiction to continue and progress. As with all addictions, the end result can be death.
Codeine carries risks both in the short-term and long-term use. Short term abuse or binging on the drug, especially when it is combined with another pain reliever or suppressant, can lead to damage of the internal organs, sleepiness, coma and death. Long-term use, again especially when combined with another suppressant or pain reliever, can lead to internal bleeding, compromised organ function, organ failure, coma and death.
Bradford Oasis can facilitate a full medically managed detox from Codeine in its varying forms. If you or a loved one have a dependency to this medicine, it is likely you will have a lot of fear around withdrawal and stopping. We understand this fear completely, and will do everything we can to ensure your detox is as comfortable as possible without compromising your safety.
Once admitted to our clinic, we provide a comprehensive medical assessment of each patient. During the consultation, our doctors will discuss with you a possible medical detox. Where a dependency is established, a medical detox regime will be prescribed, taking into account all aspects of your addiction and your physical and mental health condition. This will be continually monitored and reviewed by our therapeutic staff and medical professionals throughout your stay. Our doctors and nurses are addiction specialists, so you can be assured that you are in safe hands; each individual is different and we take this into account at all times. It is important to us that you complete your detox and leave our clinic drug free; we will do all we can to help you achieve this.
Withdrawal from Codeine can lead to some very unpleasant physical and psychological symptoms if not carried out in a safe and controlled way. Bradford Oasis will medically manage your detox to help reduce physical cravings and physical withdrawal symptoms using a suitable and approved substitute medication. The higher the dose and longer the dependency, the more severe the withdrawal tends to be. In cases such as this, a longer detox will be required.
If Codeine intake is stopped abruptly without medical help, you or your loved one can expect to experience the following symptoms:
Codeine withdrawal symptoms will diminish over time, it may be a few weeks or even a few months before you start to feel better, depending on the amount you are withdrawing from. Codeine has similar withdrawal symptoms to any opioid-based drug, even Class A drugs such as Heroin. This is why Codeine addiction is considered severe and dangerous. If you are mixing Codeine with other substances such as alcohol or other drugs, it may be that you will need a detox from both. Our doctor and nursing team will discuss this with you fully during your initial consultation to establish dependencies that require medical detoxification.
If you or your loved one are mixing any form of Codeine with alcohol or another drug, detox and withdrawal symptoms can be particularly dangerous. It is vital that you get medical advice before attempting any kind of detox alone. The safest way to detox, is with medical supervision and support, which is why we provide this service for our Codiene addicted patients.
Combining Codeine with any of the following substances, is considered particularly dangerous and even life-threatening, as is the withdrawal:
Did you know that under the Misuse of Drugs Act (MDA) and Driving Legislation it is illegal to drive or operate heavy machinery if you are deemed unfit? A new drug driving law came into force in March 2015 and includes controlled drugs such as Codeine. If taking Codeine slows down your reactions, affects your concentration or causes drowsiness, you should NOT drive or operate heavy machinery. A drug driving conviction can carry heavy penalties and a ban from driving.
If you or your loved one have an addiction to Codeine, we can help.
In addition to a full medical detox from the drug or drugs at Bradford Oasis, we will provide a full rehabilitation programme at one of our specialist rehab clinics, situated throughout the UK. We have found that this is essential for a long and happy recovery. Addiction is a chronic relapsing brain disease and without the correct treatment and maintenance, the sufferer is prone to relapse and destructive behaviours. We provide a rehabilitation programme that addresses the root causes of the addiction and enables the individual to undergo a complete change in thinking and behaviours. We can free you or your loved one from the psychological as well as the physical dependence to Codeine and other opiate based painkillers.
Whilst the principles of our treatment programme remain as a foundation for all of our patients, no matter what their addiction, our rehab centres tailor each detox and rehabilitation programme to ensure it is fully personalised. Our goal is to fully restore each individual to physical, mental and spiritual health, free from the pain and misery of addiction. Addiction is a life-threatening illness. We take our role very seriously and have absolute faith in the treatment that we offer. We only use proven and effective evidence based treatment methods, with our speciality being our personalisation of each and every treatment. All of our treatments offered at our rehab centres, are delivered by qualified Counsellors, Psychotherapists and holistic addiction specialists.
If you or a loved one have an addiction to Codeine, or another opiate based medication, there is hope and a solution. Please call us today to discuss your individual case with one of our highly trained and experienced clinical team.